Commencing in May 2014 and due for completion in April 2017, RAIN (Risk Analysis of Infrastructure Networks in response Extreme Weather) is a European Union 7th framework funded project under the Security work Programme. The aim of the project is to identify critical infrastructure impacted by extreme weather events and minimise the impact of these events on the EU transport, energy and telecommunication infrastructure networks. This is being achieved through the development of early warning systems, decision support tools and engineering solutions to ensure rapid reinstatement of the network. This will improve the reliability of critical infrastructures and reduce disruption for citizens.
Within the project, ROD-IS are developing a quantitative risk assessment framework, based on a Bayesian approach and benchmarking the method against two case studies, which are based on actual flooding events that occurred in Italy and Finland respectively. This framework is being used to assess the benefits of providing resilient infrastructure from an economic, societal and security point of view and considers the effects of climate change and the positive/negative impacts of implementing mitigation measures. Key factors influencing the risk such as; population, GDP, Education level, warning systems in place and maintenance plans, along with consequences such as; travel cost, cost of repairs and/or replacement of infrastructure and costs of labour, are all considered in the framework. The influence of climate change on the risks has been considered in terms of the intensity and likelihood of extreme weather events, with thresholds having been defined for the considered extreme weather event types. The unique aspect of the framework lies in its ability to quantify the dependencies and interdependencies involved in cause-effect-chains.
Further information can be found at rain-project.eu